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Sharon adds fuel to fire of his military solution


A few hours after the F16 jet dropped a 1-ton bomb on a crowded residential area in Gaza, killing 17 people -- 11 of them children -- and wounding over 140 more, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon exclaimed that the attack had been one of Israel’s “biggest successes.”

Israeli spin doctors immediately understood that the massacre would generate bad public relations and changed the official line, using apologetic adjectives like miscalculation, mistake, error and oversight to describe the deadly assault. Noble Peace Prize laureate Shimon Peres took it upon himself to lead the remorseful choir, hoping to suppress world censure.

Despite harsh international criticism, Sharon remained unrepentant. The Israeli press has suggested that his triumphant cry has less to do with the operation’s formal objective -- the extra-judicial execution of Hamas leader Salah Shahada -- than with the successful annihilation of a unilateral ceasefire agreement formally finalized by the different Palestinian military factions a day before the massacre. Hamas and Islamic Jihad will most likely retaliate, which will justify, in turn, Israel’s further reoccupation of Palestinian territories.

In other words, Sharon added fuel to the dying fire because he does not believe in a diplomatic solution to the bloody Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but rather in a military one. His objective, though, is not to wipe out the Palestinian Authority, as some commentators seem to suggest, but rather to forcibly change its role.

Regardless of whether Yasser Arafat remains in charge, if Sharon gets his way, the “reformed” Palestinian Authority will no longer serve as the political representative of an independent state. Rather, it will operate as a civil administration of sorts, responsible for education, health, sewage and garbage collection. The strategy is clear: Confer on the Palestinians the costly role of managing civil life, but eliminate their political freedoms. South Africans called such areas Bantustans.

To accomplish this vision Sharon needs to break the spirit of the Palestinian people. This, it seems, is exactly what he has been trying to do. Following the brutal Israeli assault dubbed “Defensive Shield,” he has held almost 2 million Palestinians under tight military curfew. These people have been imprisoned in their homes for over six weeks.

Sharon will continue the strangulation and humiliation of the Palestinians, hoping that at a certain point they will bow down. A reprisal attack by Hamas will only give him more ammunition, which is why he considers the Gaza massacre a feat worth celebrating.

Neve Gordon teaches politics at Ben-Gurion University, Israel.

National Catholic Reporter, August 16, 2002