The Independent Newsweekly
Issue Date: May 21, 2004
Reviewed by MARGOT PATTERSON
My Times: A Memoir of Dissent is journalist John L. Hess absorbing, sometimes scathing account of his 24 years working at The New York Times. Hess begins his record of mishaps small and major at the Times by saying that at least when he was there, The New York Times was the most edited paper in the land and the least efficient. Bureaucracy created more problems than it solved; frustration was constant. Rewrite man Tom Buckley is quoted: We had a nice human-interest story going there, but the desk caught it just in time. All of this is in service of Hesss larger point: The New York Times may be the most powerful newspaper in the world, but its certainly not the greatest.
The rest of the book tells why. Hess discusses stories The New York Times let get by it: Watergate, The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (rather than question it, the Times Washington bureau chief Scotty Reston advised President Lyndon Johnson on how he thought it would be received); U.S.-backed coups in Iran and Guatemala that the Times chose to turn a blind eye to. Far from critically reporting on the government, the newspaper was often in collusion with it. Hess reports publisher Arthur Hayes Sulzberger allowed the CIA to station agents in an undetermined number of Times offices around the world; his nephew Cyrus L. Sulzberger, Times bureau chief in Paris, went by the CIA code name Fidelis. The Times pulled its punches on the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban missile crisis at President Kennedys request and was slow to report the My Lai massacre.
There were successes to be sure: publication of the Pentagon Papers, the secret history of the Vietnam War, and some of the Times coverage of the civil rights struggle, but in Hess account errors were constant and abundant. The Times provided uncritical, adulatory coverage of developer Robert Moses; was hoodwinked by Henry Kissinger about the Paris peace talks; and as often countenanced corruption as exposed it. Investigative reporting was the exception, not the norm.
The Newspaper of Record recorded a century of the crimes, follies and misfortunes of mankind, generally as a faithful voice of the Eastern establishment. It supported all its wars, hot and cold. At the cutting edge of major events, it could be found against womens suffrage, against unionism (always), against minimum wages and national health insurance, Hess writes. Elsewhere, the Times is great, except on anything one happens to know something about.
Times readers will find in Hess memoir an entertaining portrait of the personalities behind the bylines. Hess is a muckraker who dishes up the dirt on almost everyone. Former Times executive editor Abe Rosenthal loved to surround himself with loyal mediocrities; save for the noble Iphigene, the Sulzbergers were a family of philanderers and bumbling managers who succeeded in spite of themselves.
Hess leaves few sacred cows untouched. A die-hard liberal who for many years was a regular contributor to The Nation, he has critical remarks to make of Presidents Kennedy, Carter and Clinton, knocks the imperialism of columnist Thomas Friedman and censures Daniel Patrick Moynihan for promoting racism. (The latter, according to Hess, disseminated the damaging canard that blacks are anti-Semites.) He discusses racism at The New York Times and contrasts the Times approval of New York City Mayor Ed Koch, whose administration, Hess writes, was marked by flagrant corruption and incompetence, with its rough treatment of David Dinkins, New York Citys first black mayor. (One example he cites: Koch reduced the police force by a quarter; crime rose during his administration. Dinkins began community policing in New York and not only restored the number of police but added some. Crime dropped during Dinkins term as mayor, but Dinkins was always portrayed as soft on crime and Koch as tough.)
My Times: A Memoir of Dissent is a sometimes captious but always compelling look at Americas most powerful and prestigious newspaper. Even those who arent interested in the press per se will find fascinating the history it covers and what the memoir reveals about how that history is made and molded by the media.
Margot Patterson is NCR opinion editor. Her e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org.
National Catholic Reporter, May 21, 2004
|Copyright © The
National Catholic Reporter Publishing Company, 115 E. Armour Blvd.,
Kansas City, MO 64111
All rights reserved.
TEL: 816-531-0538 FAX: 1-816-968-2280 Send comments about this Web site to: email@example.com